Thursday, September 3, 2020

gender roles in marie claire Essay -- essays research papers

One of the most pervasive types of undetectable social control is the creation and propagation of generalizations. Today’s society is loaded up with generalizations and the media has demonstrated to be an astounding reproducing ground. Examination in the generalization space shows that the media can prime generalizations, and these prepared generalizations do impact how individuals are later seen. Likewise the examination on media preparing of generalizations for the most part builds trust in the all inclusive statement of the media as a prime. TV, motion pictures, papers and magazines contain a large number of pictures that highlight people depicted in cliché ways. This paper will analyze the February issue of Marie Claire and the sexual orientation and racial generalizations that are obvious inside the promotions and articles. For a long time society has grasped the possibility that the contrasts among people are naturally decided and certain jobs, practices and mentalities built by society allot and control how people carry on and are seen. Sex is controlled by hereditary qualities while our sexual orientation is customized by social traditions. A few speculations decipher that a ladies is delicate and a caring mother while then again men are forceful trackers and are the predominant one of the family. Sexual orientation jobs recommend standards, which teach individuals to seek after explicit vocations and ways of life. Marie Claire, a run of the mill trashy magazine equipped towards ladies, consistently includes stories concentrated on the best way to make ladies wonderful, slim, and alluring to men. Its pages are likewise loaded with counsel in regards to who your Prince Charming will be and how he ought to and shouldn’t treat you. The scholars and editors draw ladies by deliberately setting wonderful pictures on gleaming spreads among articles that attention on self-perception, style, and connections. The commercials and articles in Marie Claire help fuel suspicions made about the particular jobs and capacities of people. Just looking at the magazine area, while holding up in the checkout line, any individual, man or lady, can make their own suspicions about how they are seen and how they should carry on from article features, for example, those in February’s Marie Claire which included: â€Å"Fire up His Desire†, â€Å"Sexy or Skanky?†, â€Å"Best Beauty Bargains Ever†, â€Å"What his Cell Phone Style says about him†, and more exhortation identified with design and wellbeing. These features give... ...â€Å"the glitz goddess,† and â€Å"the exemplary cutie.† However, the person of color was named â€Å"the tropical temptress† and was wearing intriguing garments and adornments. This article seemed, by all accounts, to be drawing a division between the African-American and the remainder of the ladies by making her hang out in her garments and cosmetics. One of the African-American guys in the magazine was highlighted as â€Å"this month’s half-bare hunk.† It shows him without a shirt and incorporates a couple paltry realities, for example, his age, tallness, old neighborhood, and zodiac sign. There is nothing that gives any proof of him as being anything over a sex image, rather than when a portion of the white guys were appeared there was data about their occupation or they were depicted doing a positive demonstration. Despite the fact that, there was very little racial generalizing in the issue of Marie Claire; there was very little portrayal of racial minorities. This magazine is loaded with white working class ladies, in light of the fact that that’s what society says is correct. Society makes these generalizations and we fall into them. The media spreads these images and they duplicate. Society must transcend these trivial contrasts and oust these generalizations.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Leadership Ethic

UNIT 6 Assignments †Personal Leadership/Ethics Statement GB580: Strategic Management Mary Dereshiwsky Hugues Joseph When it goes to my own authority/morals, I need to pay attention to that because of the reality this part can make also slow down an organization. This is the kind of rule that makes an organization; besides, you have a great deal of organizations that gets in a tough situation because of the reality their don't follow a specific ethic guidelines.Ethics are considered the ethical principles by which individuals judge conduct. Morals are frequently summarized in what is considered the â€Å"golden rule†Ã¢â‚¬do unto others as you would have them do unto you. While this bodes well when in doubt of thumb, it isn't completely valuable when hoping to characterize business morals. In business, there are a wide range of individuals you need to reply to: clients, investors and clients.Determining what to do when a moral quandary emerges among these various premiums can be amazingly precarious, and as such business morals are mind boggling and multi-faceted (2012). There is couple things that impact business ethic There are Honesty, Objectivity, Integrity , Carefulness, Openness, Respect for licensed innovation, Confidentiality, Responsible distribution, Responsible tutoring, Respect for associates, Social obligation, Non-separation, Competence, Legality, Human subjects protection.The bank I used to labor for quite a long while back had a portion of that issue concerning time to time you will discover the supervisor give the client an inappropriate data deliberately as an approach to abstain from helping the clients. We would be taking a gander at the chief since we realized he was doing an inappropriate activity and it appeared as the client realized he was lying too; besides, the bank was losing cash because of the reality numerous individuals would not like to manage him as well.All the representatives must have that have an ability with re gards to client something like outgoing person. Previous Penn State right hand football trainer Jerry Sandusky was condemned to 30 to 60 years in jail on attack charges for a situation that concentrated consideration on his wrongdoings as well as on how college authorities supposedly concealed the occurrences to spare their gainful games program from humiliation and investigation. In the wake of the condemning, a few moral issues were refered to in the U. S. press: (2012).This is an issue because of the way that you have guardians who have believed their children with these mentors and those mentors exploit the guardians also the youngsters and tragically more often than not the child don't have the ability to state â€Å"NO† because of the reality they’re have confided in the mentors. This is the reason an individual who work at an association must have certain highlights, for example, outgoing individual which characterize as somebody who is social and cordial, agree able around gatherings of individuals, begins discussions, doesn't care for being alone.Sensory which characterizes gathering utilizing sense, functional and ready to depend on sound judgment; besides, the capacity to judge since it give one to be very much organized too compose so in this manner that individual doesn't prefer to leave any last details. I couldn't imagine anything better than to have somebody who is devoted somebody that I can depend on and rely upon when something that need to complete the individual will know off the bat and nobody need to them nothing.This is consider to be a solid suite for one individual ready to do that; moreover, this will likewise offer that individual the chance to move further with the organization and most like will be the first to be perceive whenever there is an open chance. References: More moral issues emerge following sandusky condemning. (2012). Recovered from http://www. globalethics. organization/newsline/2012/10/15/moral issues-2 /A more intensive look: Definition of business morals. (2012). Recovered from http://reference. yourdictionary. com/word-definitions/Define-Ethics. html

Friday, August 21, 2020

Congrats on your Graduation! Now Read This

Well done on your Graduation! Presently Read This There’s an impossible to miss sinking feeling that frequently follows the jubilant happiness of wearing a top and outfit, seeing your recognition just because, and refreshing your resume to incorporate your new alumni status. Ronda Lee, a blogger and original school and graduate school graduate, has a few hints and proposals to assist you with making the strides that come straightaway! Shrewdly, she sees that â€Å"You never realize who will be the individual who will lead you to your next activity, customer, or enormous thought. . .Commonly employments are filled before the posting in light of the fact that the recruiting individual sent an email to companions and contacts requesting names of potential candidates.† Even increasingly significant, she outlines organizing as a commonly gainful relationship, instead of a progression of unbalanced uneven espresso gatherings. Be liberal with your contacts, go along circumstances that aren’t directly for you, and trust that it’ll return to you with long haul benefits. When bidding farewell your colleagues and teachers, it’s pivotal to be benevolent and lay the foundation for future connections. Your tutors might be the ones composing your first proposals; your schoolmates might be the watchmen who talk with you before the recruiting chief does. Compose cards to say thanks. Bring messages back. Don’t consume bridges!Once you’ve found that first occupation out of school, a group player’s mentality is significant. Deal with your time and act naturally sufficientâ€but don’t be so up to speed that you neglect to pose inquiries when you’re confounded. Impart obviously and considerately with everyoneâ you come acrossâ€there’s not a viable alternative for a decent reputation as a faithful and dependable colleague! Be adaptable and ready to adjust, particularly in the start of another position where your obligations might be in motion. On th e off chance that you become known as somebody who’s eager to get the show on the road to take on new undertakings and complete them effectively, you’ll have remaining with your manager when it’s time to advocate for yourself, your abilities, and future opportunities.Millennials have a notoriety for being presumptuous or reluctant to pay their duesâ€having a self-propelled, innovative soul is a marvelous thing, yet ensure you’re ready to gain proficiency with the ropes before you begin kicking off something new. Discover coaches who will call it like they see itâ€even when it’s hard to hearâ€and exploit your alma mater’s profession focus assets in the event that you need support at any page of occupation chasing or early work.

Monday, June 8, 2020

Peruvian Development Profile - Free Essay Example

This paper intends to provide historical context to the push and pull factors that would prompt the average Peruvian citizen to immigrate from their birth nation to the United States, and view those factors through the lens of Marx analysis of the effect of private property on the formation of socioeconomic classes from The Communist Manifesto. Marx and Engels argue that the abolition of private property is fundamentally necessary to the creation of a communist society (Marx 1848: 22). This is based on the notion that private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products, that is based on class antagonisms, on the exploitation of the many by the few, emphasizing that the act of owning land is not in itself producing any value to society (Marx 1848: 22). Rather, the value produced by land comes as a result of the labor done on or with it, meaning the laborers are producing the wealth that, due to property ownership, the landowner then receives. The allowance of private property within a society, in Marx view, is itself the cause of the formation of socioeconomic classes†a system which places those who own the land perpetually above those who do not, and leaves those who do not in a position of relative powerlessness. The following historical contextualizations will demonstrate how Marx analysis of the effect of private property on the formation of socioeconomic classes helps to explain current and recent realities within Peru. Between 1970 and 1990 Peru faced a serious economic crisis which economists and historians attribute largely to the intense volatility in the domestic and global economy of its extraction-based economic growth model†the same model first established with the colonial extraction of silver and gold (Thorp 1987: 1). This economic crisis, and the sociopolitical realities and opportunities surrounding it which will be detailed below, was the primary cause of the immigration of Luis in the Immigration Narrative paper. Due to Perus geographic location and extractive resource industries utilizing outdated and unsafe practices, rural and underdeveloped regions of the nation are particularly susceptible to environmental catastrophes such as mud slides, fires, flooding, and intense periodic food insecurity. Worse yet, the government looks the other way as state-run and international resource extraction companies continue to destroy the environment and cause serious health crises within these rural regions. Environmental catastrophes have ravaged Peru for the last 45 years. The US company Occidental, Argentinian/Dutch Pluspetrol, Chinese National Petroleum Corporation, and Canadian Frontera Energy have all actively contributed to the contamination of Perus natural habitats and rural communities. The contaminated rivers, streams, lakes, lagoons, soils, gardens, game, [and] fish have contributed to epidemics, miscarriages, skin diseases, diarrhea and deaths predominantly impacting native populations (Hill 2017). Rights have been trampled over and ignored protest criminalized, communities divided, forest and spiritual sites destroyed, thousands of outsiders brought in as laborers, confidence in government eroded, and economic dependency fostered (Hill 2017). To survive in areas now without many of their natural sources of income, many have been forced into poorer working conditions in extractive companies and prostitution, which has resulted in alcoholism, suicide, and rampant STIs. 1.1 mi llion hectares of land have been declared environmental and health emergencies in the Corrientes, Maranon, and Tigre basins in 2013 and 2014, and hundreds of thousands more have been excluded from this declaration despite being equally contaminated (Hill 2017). Those that actually live and rely on the land for their survival are ignored and hold no power over its use, yet those that control the private property are permitted to utilize it for whatever means, regardless of the impact on the residents. Marx noted that the same problems of land ownership begetting economic inequality will be true of agriculture, which also suffers from the pressure of private property and is held back by the division of privately-owned land, which has prevented rural access to the industry. It can then be seen that those most effected by environmental destruction and unregulated industries are the rural, predominantly native, citizens. These are, by and large, the descendants of natives and non-whites who were never permitted land ownership in the same sense as the ruling Spaniards. The class system Marx describes as developing with the property-owning elite at the top, then, developed along racial lines within Peruvian society, placing white Spaniards at the top and natives at the bottom, and continue to form contemporary social, economic, and political realities within the nation. Neither in declaring its independence in 1824 nor in the recreation of the Republic of Peru in 1839 did the Peruvian government move to establish a strong, independent judiciary, or freedom of speech, press, and assembly†failures that prevented the nation from placing legitimate checks on corruption in the executive (Goldenberg 2017, Freedom 2017). In 1993, the Peruvian Constitution was amended to add protections for the freedom of press, though this has not prevented public figures from placing significant pressure on reporters to prevent the publicizing of news threatening the continuation of their power (Freedom 2017). The result of a lack of a truly free press and checks on corruption is the continued allowance of officials to influence rural growth patterns in their political and economic favor regardless of safety concerns raised. The race-based class structure continued through the post-colonial era and the initial divide, though slowly closed by ongoing political action , formed differing economic, sociocultural, and political realities between rural/native and urban/non-native populations. Natives and rural-dwelling citizens are thus significantly less likely to have a voice in both local and high-level governance, permitting politicians to easily disenfranchise them without serious repercussions. Peru has faced rampant corruption since the start of its fight for independence in 1821, with Presidential candidates garnering funding from foreign nationals and nations including the United States, Venezuela, and Argentina (Goldenberg 2017). Further, five of Perus most recent executives are currently in prison or are active fugitives from justice. Francisco Morales Bermudez, Perus military dictator who ruled from 1975 to 1980, is currently serving a sentence of life imprisonment for his role in the deaths of 23 people during the events of Operation Condor†an American-backed operation of political repression and state-imposed terror, and a prime example of how foreign influences have hindered Peruvian democratic and independent growth (Goldenberg 2017). Alberto Fujimori, Perus leader from 1990 to 2000 who closed the Congress, suspended the constitution, and purged the judiciary in a Presidential coup to increase his power was sentenced in 2009 to 25 years in jail for human rig hts violationsand later convicted of embezzlement and corruption (Levitsky 1999, Goldenberg 2017). President Alejandro Toldeo, who served from 2001 to 2006, currently faces extradition charges due to allegations that he accepted high-level bribes from the construction company Odebrecht†the same company that later bribed President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (2016-2018), who currently resides in prison for accepting bribes and attempting to purchase votes. Kuczynski is also remembered for pardoning President Fujimori in 2017. President from 2011-2016, Ollanta Humala Tasso is currently in the same prison as his wife and Toledo while being investigated on money-laundering and conspiracy charges in addition to extrajudicial killings during his time as an army captain in the 1990s (Goldenberg 2017). The only living former head of state not incriminated so far is Alan Garcia, who has a legendary reputation for corruption and is currently being investigated for financial irregularities bet ween himself and, again, the construction company Odenbrecht. Most historians believe similar if not greater levels of corruption to be evident in a majority of administrations going back to the nations founding, though a lack of information and even fewer oversight mechanisms prevented them from incrimination. Politicians with overwhelming power over rural lands frequently resettle populations to environmentally unsafe and economically useless regions intentionally as a means of manipulating and garnering their votes (Hill 2017). This leads to a cyclical reliance on governmental support as rural communities are moved by politicians due to a lack of stable sources of income, put in regions unsafe due to both environmental and health-related disasters, then had their votes manipulated by a lack of access to free information and actual fraudulent voting, only to be moved again to restart the process. The result is poor, native, underrepresented, and rural citizens becoming the most impacted by natural disasters and the least able to access assistance. It is then clear that Perus executives, elected by urban populations often misinformed by manipulated media and rural populations whose votes are manipulated by candidates regularly, trend towards personal and macroeconomic interests over those of the people. This trend led to drastic income inequality and is rooted in a failed colonial empire, over-reliance on resource extraction, and a lack of strong checks on authority†all of which having created a system incentivizing the prioritization of self-interest over that of the people (Thorp 1987: 360). The lack of a right to protest has been, arguably, most notable in native communities that have been historically subjugated and recently deprived of any practical access to their contractual rights to free, prior, and informed consent over requests to access and utilize resources on their lands (Hill 2017). Though most notable in rural communities, Peruvians from almost all regions, income levels, and races see this rampant politic al corruption at the top of their federal government as undemocratic and continuing†prompting many to leave in hopes of finding a nation with an accessible government responsive to their needs. The primary methods of recourse for those forced to the bottom of the class system†political representation, protest, and publication†are inhibited, making it only more difficult to escape the rigid structure. The first of these recourses, political representation, is minimized clearly as a result of an intense power dynamic between rural residents and the urban politicians who govern them. In Marx view, this power gap comes as a result of the governing owning the land, and thus controlling the residency and habitat of the residents†a problem that exists as a result of centuries of racial systems built around private property ownership. Similarly, the rights to protest and free speech are vital in general, though much more so for those who lack political representation †the same group which, in Peru, have the least access to them as a result of geographic location and class structure. Massey and Denton detail in their book, ? ¬? ¬? ¬? ¬? ¬American Apartheid: Segregation and Making the Underclass, how racially segregated housing was manufactured by whites through a series of self-conscious actions and purposeful institutional arrangements that continue today (Massey, 1993). The impact of this is cyclical poverty, lower average voter turnout, increased crime and death rates, and lower rates of education. This practice effectively mirrors that of Perus rural shuffling†while the nation focuses on macroeconomic growth, it diverts its attention from ongoing racial segregation in housing that prevents upward class mobility in racial minorities and maintains the race-based class structure (Massey, 1993). This, however, is not the perception immigrants have of the United States when they are pulled towards it. Rather, immigrants perceive the U.S. as, in large part, having moved beyond the race-related issues of its past and of their countries present. This perception then pulls them towards the United States, despite similar issues existing, meaning the pull factor is not due to an objective reality but rather the reality perceived by the immigrant relative to their home or alternative options. Similarly, the desire to garner sociopolitical stability by leaving their home and coming to the U.S. is based on a lack of corruption†another conceptualization of the nation that is not entirely accurate, though obvious in relative relation to Peru. Coming from Peru to the United States, then, provided a stark contrast in socioeconomic class structure as, despite similar racial hierarchy issues, significant blockades on political corruption prevent contemporary, long-term, outright disenfranchisement from taking shape on the scale perceivable in Peruvian democracy. In addition, the large swaths of land available as the country expanded west permitted a larger percentage of the population to obtain private property. Though many of the same issues exist in the U.S., the extent to which they are the actively reproduced in the modern era is significantly lower, though, as detailed above, clearly still extant. In coming to the U.S., Peruvian immigrants, though likely expecting or hoping for a stark contrast with the race-based class relations in their home, would unfortunately be inclined to see very similar forms of hierarchy. Native Americans would still experience the worst of public infrastructure and representation, though for d ifferent reasons. Rural populations would still be more susceptible to disease, natural disaster, and economic crises, though they would arguably demonstrate a sharp contrast with Peruvian rural residents underrepresentation as rural Americans exercise disproportionately high representation in the federal government due to the structure of the U.S. Senate and Electoral College process. Finally, a system of private property ownership which began prior to the legalization or feasibility of land ownership by racial minorities, in addition to a long history of legalized subjugation and segregation, has created a race-based class system that, though distinct from Perus, offers striking similarities. The primary distinction, however, is that the Caucasian Spanish-descendants that would tend to reside in the middle or upper classes in Peru†due to historical land ownership and current racial hierarchies†would face a much more significant uphill battle in the United States where the Hispanic ethnic minority group faces serious contemporary pressure from sociopolitical and economic powers. Bibliography Dammert, Anna C. 2007 Child Labor and School Response to Changes in Coca Production in Rural Peru. Journal of Developmental Economics. Goldenberg, Sonia 2017 Does Peru Need a Special Prison Just for Ex-Presidents? New York Times. Aug 7. Hill, David 2017 $1bn to Clean up the Oil in Perus Northern Amazon. Guardian News and Media. Aug 3. Levitsky, Steven 1999 Fujimori and Post-Party Politics in Peru. Journal of Democracy 10.3. Marx, Karl and Engels, Friedrich 1848 Manifesto of the Communist Party. Moscow: Progress Publishers. Massey, Douglas and Denton, Nancy 1993 American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Freedom House 2016 Peru Country Report: Freedom of the Press. 2017 Freedom House. World Bank 2017 Peru Peru: Data. 2017 World Bank Group. Thorp, Rosemary 1987 Trends and Cycles in the Peruvian Economy. Journal of Developmental Economics.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Elizabethan Era Crime and Punishment - 728 Words

In the Elizabethan era, doing a crime was the worst mistake of all, depending on how big your crime was, people had to know that their lives were at risk. Every crime was big before, even â€Å"crimes of treason and offenses against the state were treated with that murder and rape today.†(Elizabethan Crime and Punishment) â€Å"Offenses such as manslaughter, robbery, rape, piracy and capital crimes entitled one to hanging, usually in the town square.† (Elizabethan crime and Punishment) During Queen Elizabeth’s time, the punishments were designed to fit the crime committed. A person may complain about the consequences of crimes one commits, but looking back at the Elizabethan times, punishments are far less brutal now than how they were then.†¦show more content†¦When woman was in the water â€Å"the women usually drowned.† (The Renaissance: Crime and Punishment). Another tool was the amputation saw. And the body would be in terrible pain because â€Å"it was used to remove a limb slowly and painfully.† (The Renaissance: Crime and Punishment). Beheading was used for the higher-class people, â€Å"because it was considered a more honorable way to die.† (Elizabethan Crime and Punishment). â€Å"One of the mostShow MoreRelatedElizabethan Crime And Punishment Of The Elizabethan Era1363 Words   |  6 PagesElizabethan Crime and Punishment On a normal day during the Elizabethan Era you would pass the town square to find someone screaming bloody murder and begging for mercy. There were public executions that many people took a day off of their jobs to go see. Torture devices were a big part of Elizabethan Crime and Punishment. There was a specific punishment for everything from begging to high treason. If a peasant stole anything worth more than five pence, which was the currency of the time periodRead MoreCrime and Punishment in Elizabethan England788 Words   |  4 PagesDuring the Elizabethan Era, crime and punishment was a brutal source of punishments towards criminals. The term â€Å"crime and punishment† was a series of punishments and penalties the government gave towards the people who broke the laws. In William Harrison’s article â€Å"Crime and Punishment in Elizabethan England†, says that â€Å"the concept of incarcerating a person as punishment for a crime was a relatively novel at the time† (1). This seemed reasonable at the time, because back then they didn’t sentenceRead MoreEssay on Elizabethan Era: The Golden Age1205 Words   |  5 Pagespalaces full of gold and silver- these are just a few thoughts that come to mind when one hears the term â€Å"Elizabethan Era†; however, there is more to this period than what meets the eye. The Elizabethan Era was a significant epoch in the United Kingdom’s history. Ranging from 1558 to 1603, this was during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. The Elizabethan Era, also known as the Elizabethan Age or Elizabethan Period, is said to be the golden age of English history, with a quite diversified public life, a riseRead MoreThe Life of William Shakespeare669 Words   |  3 Pagesto convince her that Hamlet deserves such violent punishments due to his actions. Throughout his speech the audience is completely aware that this is a set up done by Claudius himself. This speech builds a feeling of distan ce and mistrust between the audience and Claudius as they are entirely aware was the reasons behind Hamlets banishment. By his wording in the speech it displays Claudius’ character as a liar. If to be sitting in an Elizabethan audience Claudius would be frowned upon as he is nowRead MoreQueen Elizabeth I : The Golden Age Of The Elizabethan Era1000 Words   |  4 PagesEven today, people look back fondly on the Elizabethan Era as one of the times when England was very close to achieving a golden age. While living under Queen Elizabeth did bring about troubles, such as an extreme system of punishment and quarrels with the Catholics, the Elizabethan Era was a time of peace and prosperity, heavily contrasting life before and after Elizabeth’s reign. In a time when England was almost about to tear itself apart, Queen Elizabeth I came to power and improved the situationRead MoreCrime From The Elizabethan Era1813 Words   |  8 Pageshighs and lows. However, no matter which Era, certain problems always seem to shine through the cracks. This problem is usually caused by the sole culprit of crime. Crime is the largest problem in most times. Every time has its own crime; and therefore, every generation deals with crime differently, each using their own type of punishment and order. Also, each Era has had its own way to carry out the punishments. Oftentimes it had been through officials of crime. Though different generations have hadRead MoreRenaissance Anatomy And Dissection825 Words   |  4 Pages The Renaissance was a time period in history that came with a plethora of changes in art, religion, and science. Considered one of the most beautiful eras thus far, it shaped the modern age. Curiosity peaked in people everywhere in Europe; this curiosity included fascination with the human body and new research. Dissection gained popularity and importance during the Renaissance, which led to body snatching becoming common; both of these activities gave way t o new advancements. Dissection of humanRead MoreDeath Penalty : The Penalty1475 Words   |  6 Pages DEATH PENALTY BY TURKI ARUGI 6/15/2015 ELS LANGUAGE CENER Death Penalty When someone hears about death penalty the first thing that comes up to the mind is murder, robbery, treachery but not every crime is punishable by death penalty. It is indeed a punishment for severe crimes which are not forgivable or can be done in a prison. Sometimes death penalty is the only option left for the government or it may be too dangerous to let the person to stay alive. Death penalty is one of the mostRead MoreCustoms Of The Elizabethan Wedding Customs1341 Words   |  6 Pagesnow (Elizabethan Wedding Customs 1). The main difference between marriages now and in the past is that in this case, the marriages were arranged, and there was no choice in who you married (Elizabethan Wedding Customs 1). Marriages were organized in a way in which both families would benefit from the marriage (Elizabethan Wedding Customs 1). Couples met for the first time on their wedding day (Elizabethan Wedding Customs 1). Some customs vary between the rich and the poor (Elizabethan WeddingRead MoreTitanic Vs Romeo and Juliet Essay618 Words   |  3 Pageschallenged Romeo to battle, which resulted in a fray and two dead. The settings were also a big reason to why things were the way they were. Romeo and Juliet took place in Verona, Italy back in the Elizabethan era where many strict rules were set for crime, marriages, and punishment. The Elizabethan era separated its people by middle, upper, and lower class. The way they spoke back clued you in on what classification they were. They spoke in sonnets, rhymed verse, and prose. On the other hand, Titanic

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Does the Language in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein...

How Does the Language in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein Reflect its Gothic Genre The gothic genre was popular around the nineteenth century. It is often associated with dark, evil things and death. This seemed appropriate at the time as there were no electric lights or televisions so it was generally darker than it is in the present day. It brings to mind stories like Frankenstein, Dracula and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. It may have been popular at this time because it is typically based about ominous things in dark places making it seem more realistic because of the use of candles at the time. I am focussing on the beginning of ‘Frankenstein’ and observing how his dreams drove him to his own destruction, and how he is left to†¦show more content†¦The letters are set in St. Petersburgh in Russia and in the icy, desolate wasteland in the ocean around the North Pole. Here Walton writes of his isolation and how he lacks someone that he can confide in on the ship. Throughout all four letters we notice Walton’s spirits getting worse as he goes from being eager to go on his adventure to longing to get home. This is typical of the gothic genre, a light beginning gradually leading to a dark ending. It is not until the fourth letter we meet Victor Frankenstein. Walton and his crew find him nearly dead. They found only one dog of the several that Frankenstein had pulling his sleigh. This shows just how cold it must have been for the specially bread dogs to be unable to survive it and yet, Frankenstein is still hanging on, showing his determination to destroy the monster. Frankenstein refers to the monster as â€Å"the daemon†; this shows just what an evil creature Frankenstein considers the monster to be. The word â€Å"daemon† is a very strong one, used to describe creatures from hell. Using this kind of adjective Shelley is representing the gothic genre very effectively. We see Walton’s growing obsession with Frankenstein as he says â€Å"he excites both at once my admiration and pity to an astonishing degree†. He tells his sister that Frankenstein is â€Å"much recovered from his illnessShow MoreRelatedMary Shelley and Flannery OConnor: Gothic Isolationists1724 Words   |  7 Pages Gothic fiction is a genre of literature that combines fiction, horror and Romanticism with a particular focus on the mysterious and supernatural aspects. Gothic fiction originated in England during the latter half of the 18th century. This distinctive genre of literature soon developed into a 19th century phenomenon. The success of this dominant genre in England is frequently attributed to Mary Shelley. Despite its success during this time period, gothic fiction ceased to be a dominant genre byRead More Look at the significance of chapter five to the novel as a whole.1126 Words   |  5 Pagesas a whole. Focus on the relevance and effect of the writer’s language to describe setting, character and what it shows about social and historical influences. Frankenstein is a Victorian novel written in the gothic genre. It is about a man, Victor Frankenstein, giving life to an inanimate being and abandoning it. The monster then seeks revenge and the love of what he believes to be his mother, Frankenstein. The author, Mary Shelley, wrote the book at the age of nineteen but was not ableRead More‚Äà ²for Me, the Story Is Less a Horror‚Ä ¶Than a Larger Than Life Gothic Fairytale‚Äà ´ (Kenneth Brannagh) How Far and in What Ways Do You Agree with This Description of the Text?1960 Words   |  8 Pages‘For me, the story is less a horror†¦than a larger than life gothic fairytale’ (Kenneth Brannagh) How far and in what ways do you agree with this description of the text? Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is a novel which forces the reader to question whether it is a simple horror story or whether it is a gothic fairytale of many depths. Frankenstein is considered by many critics as the first modern horror story ever written, and it opened a whole new world of ideas for novels and has inspired many similarRead MoreEssay on The Gothic Genre and What it Entails6177 Words   |  25 Pages 1800. Gothic literature has been an area of critical contention since Horace Walpoles seminal Gothic novel, The Castle of Otranto, was published in 1764. Although vilified by much of the contemporary press the Gothic had its champions, many of whom were also its practitioners including Walpole, the subsequent generations Anne Radcliffe and the Marquis de Sade who had his own brand of highly sexualized Gothic. 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Dramatic Irony in the Odyssey free essay sample

Authors use many literary devices in order to heighten and enhance their works. Dramatic irony, expressions to complementary attitudes understood by the audience but not the characters, can make the emotions stronger in literature. Homer is one of many authors who used this technique well. In The Odyssey, Homer uses dramatic irony in order to enhance the emotional effect of crucial moments in the storyline, especially during the journey of Telemachus, the initial return of Odysseus, and the restoration of Odysseus to his rightful place in the kingdom. During Telemachus’ journey to find his father, Homer includes dramatic irony through Athena’s relationship to the situation which creates a confused mood. After being prompted by Athena, who knew that Odysseus was trapped on Calypso’s island, Telemachus says, â€Å"For I am off to Sparta to see if I can find news of my father† (30). Shortly after Athena sends Telemachus on a journey, she gains permission to get Odysseus freed from captation on the island. The confusing mood is created through the dramatic irony of both father and son leaving to go towards each other when neither of them knows the other has left to find the other. The reader questions why Athena, whom Homer is using in this scene to create dramatic irony, would not tell Telemachus that his father is getting freed or even that he is on Calypso’s island. Instead, she sends him to Sparta to find out information about his father from Menelaus. Dramatic irony arises when Telemachus believes that his father may no longer be alive but wants to find out more. It is never even hinted at, to Telemachus, by Athena that he is alive and that he will soon return soon. Telemachus does not realize the irony that to the readers is easily visible. The reader knows of Odysseus’ existence on Calypso’s island and soon finds out that he will begin his journey back home. The confused mood creates a conflict for the character to solve by having the reader wonder why Athena wanted these events to happen in this particular way. The conflict keeps the reader interested and since the original story was told orally, interest is very important for Homer to maintain. Dramatic irony also emphasizes a dolent mood during the return of Telemachus from his journey. When Odysseus returns home to Ithaca, Athena goes to Telemachus to retrieve him from Sparta. Athena says, â€Å"You must take leave of Menelaos, if you want to find your dear mother still in your house; for her father and brothers are urging her to marry Eurymachos† (169). Athena tells Telemachus that his mother is going to marry Eurymachos. Athena does this as if she is fishing and the story about Telemachus’ mother is the bait; Telemachus is very intrigued by the bait and goes after it, falling into Athena’s well-thought out trap. The reader knows that the reason Athena wants Telemachus to come back is because Odysseus is soon arriving in Ithaca; therefore, dramatic irony is created when Telemachus is never let in on this information that the reader now knows. Homer uses Athena to create dramatic irony to get Telemachus to rush home to stop the marriage, because if Telemachus was told the truth he might not be a eager to get home, since his father had been away for so much of his life. Homer wanted the audience to know more so that they were not confused about Telemachus’ mother getting married for it was a lie. This created a dolent mood because the reader realizes the absence of truth in Athena’s message. The lack of truths make the reader feel sorrowful that Telemachus does not know the truth but he or she does. If Telemachus knew the truth the situation would have unfolded differently as he may have wanted to stay in Sparta longer. After all, he was upset at his father after his absence in his childhood and wished that he would have came home much sooner. Telemachus is involved in dramatic irony once again when he first reunites with his father who has been turned into a beggar. Odysseus had been turned into a beggar by Athena in order to protect his identity from everyone he met until the time was right. As Telemachus first enters the room where Odysseus and Eumaios, who Telemachus calls â€Å"Daddy,† are located, Odysseus tries to give up his seat to his deserving son. Telemachus says, â€Å"Stay where you are, stranger, we can find another seat in our hut† (182). Telemachus shows his kind personality to the beggar as well as the status quo of the inhabitants of Ithaca. Telemachus then says to Eumiaos, â€Å"Daddy, where does this stranger come from? † (182). In this scene, Odysseus, as well as the reader, understands that Odysseus is talking to his son. Telemachus, however, thinks he is talking merely to a beggar. Through Telemachus’ incognizance, dramatic irony is created in the reconnection of father and son. Homer uses dramatic irony to create a remorseful mood. He wants Odysseus to have time to see what his kingdom is like before the citizens know that he has arrived. By staying in disguise, he can see the relationship that grew between the swineherd and Telemachus that would be hidden if either the swineherd or Telemachus knew it was Odysseus. Odysseus also sees the way beggars are not discriminated against, and instead, are supported by all of the citizens. The audience has to know that it is Odysseus because it shows the completion of his journey back to Ithaca. A remorseful mood is created because the reader sees that the father and son are so close to reuniting but are separated by a simple disguise. The reader wants the two to get back together, but Homer delays the occurrence intentionally to create dramatic irony between the two characters. Dramatic irony creates an insightful mood when Odysseus uses his appearance as a beggar to learn about the suitors during his restoration to his rightful place in the kingdom. After Eumaios brings the beggar Odysseus to the dining hall, Odysseus is instructed to beg for food from each of the suitors. By doing this, he will gain valuable information about the true gentlemen and the cads. The reader, as well as Telemachus, knows that the beggar is Odysseus, but the suitors are still ignorant to who he really is. While begging, Odysseus comes to Antinoos, who says to Eumaios, â€Å"What made you bring this fellow to town? Haven’t we vagrants enough and beggars enough, confound them, a perfect nuisance at dinner-time? † (198). Odysseus is still in disguise so that he can take in knowledge of the suitors just as Athena had whispered to him. Homer wants the reader to know that it is Odysseus so that the reader can take in the same opinions as Odysseus. He wants to keep the suitors blind to who the beggar is so that Odysseus can understand who is nice to the beggars. This gives Odysseus a general idea on the suitors that will be more easily dealt with. If Odysseus had come into the palace as himself, many of the suitors may have tried to attack him because they wanted his wife to marry them. Others may have crowded him to ask him questions about his positions in the war and his journey back which would prevent him from gaining the required intel on the suitors to be able to defeat them. The insightful mood brought on by the dramatic irony is caused by the reader being able to learn about the suitors in the same way Odysseus does. Throughout the book, there are few ample descriptions for the reader to accurately depict the trouble causing suitors. Now, through Odysseus’ guidance, the reader knows much more about the suitors than he or she did previously. Dramatic irony aided the reader in becoming emotionally involved it the story. The Odyssey brought many strongly emotional scenes, but the best of them all involved dramatic irony. Dramatic irony drew the reader closer to the book and kept him or her knowledgeable at all times necessary. Other works of literature are also created more fluently when dramatic irony is added. The enhanced emotional effects created by dramatic irony are imperative to writing a short story or writing a novel.